Articles

Fibromyalgia: The Neuroscience behind Pain

What is Fibromyalgia? Fibromyalgia (FM) is defined as a chronic overlapping pain condition (COPC) in which a person experiences numerous symptoms, such as widespread musculoskeletal, joint and peripheral pain, that can cause significant functional impairment. Falling under the umbrella of central sensitivity syndromes, FM leads to permeant activation of, not only the alarm system, but […]

Read more

Exercise and Depression

Depression affects more than 264 million individuals globally. Research has shown that altered synaptic neuroplasticity plays a major role in the severity of depression, where those with a significant reduction in their synaptic plasticity have an increased symptomatic severity of depression. Physical activity, however, acts as a protective factor against depression – in fact, those […]

Read more

The Synaptic Modulation of Anxiety Experiences

What we know as anxiety is often misinterpreted as referring to the diagnosis of an anxiety disorder. Whilst some might use the word to refer to an abnormal state of anxiety, generally the word anxiety refers to the body’s natural response to stress. As humans, we are prone to feel anxious in ‘threatening’ situations – […]

Read more

Alzheimer’s Disease & the Mediterranean Diet

It has long been thought that the Mediterranean diet (consisting of fish, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, cereals, and a higher ratio of monounsaturated to saturated fats) may reduce the risk of developing dementia or experiencing cognitive decline. Previous studies have demonstrated that this diet is actually associated with individuals retaining more brain volume and cortical […]

Read more

Later Retirement’s Positive Effect on Cognitive Function

As global populations and life expectancy continue to rise, there is increasing concern about the occurrence of neurodegenerative diseases (such as Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, etc.). For most of these diseases, there is no cure, and so it is key to understand what affects and influences cognitive function over an individual’s lifetime, with a specific focus […]

Read more